How are normal ranges defined?

Ideal Weight
BMI is calculated using the following formula: weight (kg) / height (m2). The WHO divides BMI into four different categories according to risk of obesity-related disease.

Low Normal High Very High
<18.5 18.5≦BMI<25 25≦BMI<30 BMI≧30
Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

The example below is for a person standing at 182 cm. His ideal (normal) weight range (as defined by BMI) is 61.3~82.8 kg, and because his current weight of 74.1 kg is within this range, no weight increase or decrease is recommended.



Because BMI only takes into account total weight and does not distinguish between muscle or fat, highly muscular individuals may be "overweight" by BMI standards, but this in of itself can be perfectly healthy, if the source of weight is muscle, and not fat.
Body Fat Percentage
Gender Age Low Normal High Very High
Male 10~33 5.0%~8.5% 8.6%~19.3% 19.4%~25.0% 25.1%~50.0%
34~49 5.0%~11.7% 11.8%~22.5% 22.6%~27.6% 27.7%~50.0%
50~80 5.0%~13.7% 13.8%~24.5% 24.6%~30.2% 30.3%~50.0%
Female 10~33 5.0%~20.8% 20.9%~32.5% 32.6%~38.2% 38.3%~50.0%
34~49 5.0%~23.4% 23.5%~35.1% 35.2%~40.8% 40.9%~50.0%
50~80 5.0%~24.4% 24.5%~36.1% 36.2%~41.8% 41.9%~50.0%


Source: "Clinical application of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis for calculation of body fat percentage and visceral fat" Oserio original research.
Visceral Fat
1~10 Normal
> 10 High

Source: "Clinical application of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis for calculation of body fat percentage and visceral fat" Oserio original research.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
BMI is calculated using the following formula: weight (kg) / height (m2). The WHO divides BMI into four different categories according to risk of obesity-related disease.

Low Normal High Very High
<18.5 18.5≦BMI<25 25≦BMI<30 BMI≧30
Source: World Health Organization (WHO)